cPanel Log Locations

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All cPanel logs are located in the folder:


The access_log contains all traffic to WHM, cPanel, and Webmail:


The error_log contains all errors when accessing a cPanel related site:




On cPanel servers each site has its own traffic log, but Apache's main access log can be viewed here:


To view each cPanel accounts individual access-logs:


Apache errors are logged to the error_log file:




The exim main log contains all transaction information:


The reject log contains all connections that were rejected:




Regardless of the FTP server chosen in cPanel, it does not have it's own log and instead logs to:




On most servers the SSH service will log to the secure and system messages log files:





Manually Export MySQL Database

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How do I manually export or "dump" a MySQL database from command line or SSH?

You can dump a MySQL database to the current folder from an SSH session using the following command:

mysqldump –no-create-db=true -uUSERNAME -pPASSWORD DATABASE > filename.sql

So if your database name is "USER_MYDATABASE" and your database username is "USER_USER1" and the password is "PASSWORD1" and you would like to save the dump as "mydump.sql", you would use the following:

mysqldump –no-create-db=true -uUSER_USER1 -pPASSWORD1 USER_MYDATABASE > mydump.sql




Search For Specific Text In File

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How can I find a specific text string in a file or multiple files from an SSH session?

You can use the grep command to easily find text within files.

From an SSH session, run the following command:

grep -H -r "<Text-To-Find>" <search-location>

Where <Text-To-Find> would be replaced with the text you want to search for and <search-location> is where the files are located that you want to search within.

For example, if you wanted the find all files containing the string "base64_decode" in the home folder, you would use:

grep -H -r "base64_decode" /home




Bulk Edit DNS Zone On cPanel

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How do I bulk edit a DNS zone on cPanel?

Changed nameserver name and need to update all the DNS zones on your cPanel server?

Using the replace command from an SSH session will make it simple.

Just use the following command:

replace "<old-nameserver>" "<new-nameserver>" — /var/named/*.db

Where <old-nameserver> is the hostname of the old nameserver and <new-nameserver> is the new namserver hostname you want to replace it with.

You should then restart the DNS service:

service named restart




Explanation Of Cron Times

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New to setting up cron jobs and need to know what each digit means?

The following is an example of each digit and its function:

*    *    *    *    *        command to be executed
|     |     |    |    |
|     |     |    |    +—– day of week (0 – 6) (Sunday=0)
|     |     |    +——- month (1 – 12)
|     |     +——— day of month (1 – 31)
|     +———– hour (0 – 23)
+————- min (0 – 59)



Find And Remove Old cPanel Backups

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How do I find and remove old cPanel backups?

Use the following command from an SSH session to find all backups that are older than 60 days and delete them:

find /backup/weekly/incremental/accounts -maxdepth 1 -type d -ctime +60 -exec rm -rf {} \;

In the above example we find all weekly incremental backups that are older than 60 days and delete them.

You can change the folder location to suit your needs.

Please note: Be very careful to make sure you get the folder path right because it does not prompt you for approval and goes simply by age, so it does not know the difference between a backup folder and an unrelated folder.